Literature Review: Canine Cognitive Dysfunction

by Sarah Fraser

Just like their human caretakers, pet dogs are reaping the benefits of medical advancements and are living longer than ever before (Katina et al., 2016; McGreevy & Bennett, 2010). While a longer lifespan is viewed as a positive by most owners, a dog’s golden years can come with a host of age-related medical and behavioral challenges. Canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD), similar to Alzheimer’s Disease in humans, is one such condition affecting a notable proportion of the country’s approximately 30 million senior and geriatric dogs (Madari et al., 2015).

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